Local and nonlocal probabilistic cloning of qubit states via partially entangled twin photons

ARXIV (2016)



Recently, the nonlocal optimal probabilistic cloning (NLOPC) of two non-orthogonal qubit states has been proposed [Phys. Rev. A 86, 052332 (2012)] by means of an experimental setup based on a pair of twin photons in a maximally entangled state. Here we study the performance of the NLOPC protocol when implemented via a partially entangled state. We show that the errors introduced by the use of partial entanglement can be undone by applying a quantum state discrimination process. Since quantum state discrimination is a probabilistic process the correction succeeds with a certain probability but produces perfect clones. We also studied how to modifi?ed the setup to produce local copies.

DOI: http://dx.doi.org/