Jorge E. Pezoa, Majeed M. Hayat and S.N Torres
JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA A 23, 6 (2006)
We present an adaptive technique for the estimation of nonuniformity parameters of infrared focal-plane arrays that is robust with respect to changes and uncertainties in scene and sensor characteristics. The proposed algorithm is based on using a bank of Kalman filters in parallel. Each filter independently estimates state variables comprising the gain and the bias matrices of the sensor, according to its own dynamic-model parameters. The supervising component of the algorithm then generates the final estimates of the state variables by forming a weighted superposition of all the estimates rendered by each Kalman filter. The weights are computed and updated iteratively, according to the a posteriori-likelihood principle. The performance of the estimator and its ability to compensate for fixed-pattern noise is tested using both simulated and real data obtained from two cameras operating in the mid- and long-wave infrared regime.